Tarifa is the southernmost tip of the peninsula. The town is open to the Mediterranean and Atlantic and has extensive beaches that are fiercely buffeted by easterly winds.
Tarifa became an important city as early as the 10th century, during the reign of Abd-al-Rahman III, when the Caliph's castle, which can be found in the historic quarter, was built. The influence of the Arab period can be seen in the appearance of the city today, with its narrow winding streets. It also has other interesting monuments such as the Gothic-Mudejar Santiago Chapel; the Convent of San Francisco and the churches of Santa María and San Mateo.